The Millennial Reign Of Christ

millennium

The Millennial Reign of Christ: God’s promise—Our future

The Millennial Reign of Christ is a very prominent theme in Scripture—it was referred to by Jesus, by every New Testament writer, and by every Old Testament prophet. The Millennial Reign of Christ will be marked by Eden-like conditions being returned to the earth, tribulation martyrs and the Church of God reigning with Christ, and the fulfilment of the familiar Isaiah 9 prophecy:

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the greatness of his government and peace  there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness.”

 The Millennial Reign will provide a glimpse of what things would have been like had humanity not rebelled in Eden. There will be peace, abundance, a renewed ecology, joy and best of all— Jesus will set up a physical throne on earth and rule with justice and righteousness.

The Millennial Reign of Christ serves as a great promise—that there will be a time when peace—and the Prince of Peace will reign. There will be a time when evil will be vanquished, and war will be an historical footnote. There will be a time when purity is prominent and the ravages of disease and age no longer have their sting. This study profiles that special time that is coming. May God bless you as you seek to better understand the mysteries of His Word.

 

Here is a link to the teaching: THE MILLENNIAL REIGN OF CHRIST

STUDY NOTES ARE PRESENTED BELOW:

 

THE MILLENNIUM

  • Many view Revelation 20 as the principle (if not sole) reference to the Millennium in the Bible. However, there are more references to the Millennium in the Old Testament than there is in the New Testament.
  • There are more than 1800 references to the Millennium in the Old Testament.
  • There are more than 300 references to the Millennium in the New Testament.
  • 85% of the books in the New Testament reference the Millennium.
    • Familiar references
      • Matthew 6:9-13
      • Isaiah 9:2-7
      • Daniel 2:34-44

 

PRIMARY MILLENNIAL VIEWS

In general, there are three primary theological positions regarding the Millennium. These views are briefly profiled  below:

    MILLENNIAL VIEWS

  • Amillennialism: There is/will be no millennial reign of Christ—things will deteriorate until the coming of Christ): A basic teaching of amillennialism is that the Kingdom began with Jesus’ first coming and will continue until His Second Coming. Holders of this position suggest that there will not be a 1000-year kingdom on earth, and use an allegorical system of interpretation to interpret prophetic events. For example, material in the Olivet Discourse and the greater part of the book of Revelation is largely viewed as profiling past historical events, or are spiritualized out of existence. This position does not anticipate a rapture, but does anticipates a Second Coming of Christ, to take place at the end of time, immediately followed by the judgment of the wicked. This position holds that conditions in this world will continue to deteriorate up until the time of the coming of Christ. This view is usually traced back to early church fathers Origin and Augustine.
  • Postmillennialism (there is a millennium—Jesus will return at the end of the millennium—things will improve until the coming of Christ): This view found its beginnings in England and was first taught by Unitarian minister Daniel Whitby (1638-1726). This view basically teaches that the return of Christ takes place at the end of the millennium. This position does not understand the 1000 years in Revelation 20 to be literal, and suggests it indicates an unspecified, long period of time. Loraine Boettner, a postmillennialist, in his book “The Millennium” states: “The millennium to which the postmillennialist looks forward is thus a golden age of spiritual prosperity during this present dispensation, that is, the Church Age. This does not mean there will be a time on earth when every person will be a Christian or that all sin will be abolished. But it does mean that evil in all its many forms eventually will be reduced to negligible proportions, that Christian principles will be the rule, not the exception, and that Christ will return to a truly Christianized world.”
  • Premillennialism (there is a millennium—Jesus will return at the end of Daniel’s 70th week and reign for 1000 years): This view holds that after the seventieth week of Daniel is completed, Christ will establish His kingdom here on earth and reign for 1000 years. The primary subjects of this kingdom will be the surviving remnant of Israel that will eventually turn to Christ as their true Messiah. It is thought that there will also be a remnant from among the surviving Gentile nations,, none of which will have taken the mark or worshiped the beast or his image. The premillennialists position is not fixed to a particular view regarding the timing of the Rapture, but place that momentous event before the 1000-year reign of Christ and His kingdom. It is my personal opinion that the majority of Bible Scholars today hold this view.

 

 

THERE WILL BE A RENEWED AND RESTORED EARTH

  • For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind (Isaiah 65:17-25).
  • Jesus will reign as king over Israel as well as all the nations of the world (Isaiah 2:4;42:1).
  • The world will live in peace (Isaiah 11:6-9;32:18).
  • He shall judge between many peoples, and rebuke strong nations afar off; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore (Micah 4:3).
  • Satan will be bound (Revelation 20:1–3), and, at the beginning, everyone will worship God (Isaiah 2:2-3).

 

THE DEVIL WILL BE BOUND

  • “Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while” (Rev. 20:1-3).

 

ISRAEL WILL BE AT PEACE

  • “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS” (Jeremiah 23:5-6).

 

SAINTS AND TRIBULATION SURVIVORS WILL RESIDE ON THE NEW EARTH

  • The people who enter the Kingdom are believers who survive the Tribulation and Christ will rule over them and their descendants with a “rod of iron” (Psalm 2:9,Revelation 2:27, 12:5, 19:15). These will receive special honor (Matthew 25:23Luke 19:16-19).
  • These individuals live in renewed mortal bodies during Christ’s earthly reign (Zechariah 14:16-21; Revelation 20:7-10).
  • Believers who are already with Christ will reign with Him in this kingdom  (Daniel 7:18).
    • “…For You were slain, and have redeemed us to God by Your blood out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and have made us kings and priests to our God; and we shall reign on the earth” (Revelation 5:9-10).
    • The saints will possess the Kingdom (Daniel 7:18-27)
    • The saints will co-rule as kings (Job 36:7)
    • The saints will be judges, officers, and magistrates (Psalm 149Isaiah 60:17)
    • The saints will be teachers (Psalm 37:29-31Jeremiah 3:15)
    • “… but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.” Rev. 20:6

 

THERE WILL BE A THRONE AND NEW TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM

  • And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.    (Zechariah 14:16-21)

COVENANTS WILL BE FULFILLED AND BORDERS WILL BE EXPANDED

  • The Land Covenant (Deuteronomy 30:1-10)
    God has already fulfilled the personal aspects of the Abrahamic Covenant—Abraham did go to the Promised Land, he did have many descendants, and he is the forefather of many nations. Several hundred years after Abraham, Joshua led the Israelites to claim ownership of the Promised Land. But Israel has never possessed the specific boundaries that God promised inGenesis 15:18–20 and Numbers 34:1-12. Not even Solomon ruled over this particular area (1 Kings 4:21–24).

    • Genesis 15:18-21– On the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying: “To your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates…”
    • Ezekiel 47:13-17– Thus says the Lord GOD: “These are the borders by which you shall divide the land as an inheritance among the twelve tribes of Israel. Joseph shall have two portions. You shall inherit it equally with one another; for I raised My hand in an oath to give it to your fathers, and this land shall fall to you as your inheritance. “This shall be the border of the land on the north: from the Great Sea, by the road to Hethlon, as one goes to Zedad, Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim (which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath), to Hazar Hatticon (which is on the border of Hauran). Thus the boundary shall be from the Sea to Hazar Enan, the border of Damascus; and as for the north, northward, it is the border of Hamath. This is the north side.”
    • Ezekiel 47:18-21– “On the east side you shall mark out the border from between Hauran and Damascus, and between Gilead and the land of Israel, along the Jordan, and along the eastern side of the sea. This is the east side. “The south side, toward the South, shall be from Tamar to the waters of Meribah by Kadesh, along the brook to the Great Sea. This is the south side, toward the South. “The west side shall be the Great Sea, from the southern boundary until one comes to a point opposite Hamath. This is the west side. “Thus you shall divide this land among yourselves according to the tribes of Israel.”
      • “If any of you are driven to the farthest parts…from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you. Then the LORD your God will bring you to the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it. He will prosper you…” (Deut. 30:4-6)

  

  • The Davidic Covenant (2 Samuel 7)
    God’s covenant with David was that his line would never die out and that David’s heir would sit on the throne of Israel forever (2 Sam. 7:16).   Jesus is the fulfillment of this covenant (it is also the reason His genealogy is given for both His step-father ( 1:1–17) and His mother (Luke 3:23–38). The Jews understood this when they laid down palm branches and their cloaks as Jesus rode into Jerusalem (Matt.21:1–17). They expected Him to be a military/political leader that would liberate them from the Romans and make Israel a great nation again. But they didn’t understand the nature of Jesus’ work at the time was for the New Covenant, not the Davidic Covenant. The 1,000-year reign will be the beginning of Jesus’ eternal reign over Israel and the earth (Rev. 20:46).

 

  • The Covenant with Israel (Jeremiah 31:31-34)
    Jeremiah 31:33 notes, “But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people.”  Ezekiel 36:28 provides more specifics: “You shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers, and you shall be my people, and I will be your God.”

 

THERE WILL BE CHANGES IN LIFE ON EARTH  

  • “No more shall an infant from there live but a few days, nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days; for the child shall die one hundred years old…they shall build houses and…plant vineyards and eat their fruit…”   (Isa. 65:20-22)
  • “‘…The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, the lion shall eat straw like the ox…They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,’ Says the LORD.” (Isa. 65:34-35)
  • The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice’ den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.”   (Isaiah 11:6-9)
  • No War: “…They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks…nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” (Mic. 4:3).    Isaiah 2:4 is very similar passage. Not only will there no longer be any war, but the weapons will be dismantled and battle strategies will no longer be taught.

 

THERE WILL BE CHANGES IN THE GEOLOGY/TOPOGRAPHY OF EARTH

  • “…I create new heavens and a new earth; and the former shall not be remembered or come to mind. But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create; for behold, I create Jerusalem as a rejoicing…the voice of weeping shall no longer be heard in her, nor the voice of crying.” (Isa. 65:17-19)
  • A great earthquake will divide Jerusalem into three parts ( 16:18-19). The earthquake will occur when Jesus touches His foot on the Mount of Olives. Water will flow out from the city after the great earthquake. (Zech. 14:4-8). The millennial temple will stand over this river (Ezek. 47:1-12).
  • Jerusalem will be a prominent high point on Earth during the Millennium (Isaiah 2:2). The great earthquake at the Second Coming of Jesus will level the mountains and make the islands disappear      (Rev 16:20; Isaiah 40:4-5).
  • The fountain of living water described in Zechariah and Ezekiel will have a geographical impact. “In that day there shall be fountainopened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness” (Zechariah 13:1).   Zechariah 14:8 notes where the waters will flow, “And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalemhalf of them toward the former (eastern) sea, and half of them toward the hinder (western) sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.” The living waters will flow out of Jerusalem in two directions, to the west to the great sea (Mediterranean Sea) and to the east to the Dead Sea (or Salt Sea). Also see Ezekiel 47:1-7.
  • This new fountain will impact the Dead Sea.  This sea has no outlet and is seven times more salty than the oceans. No fish live in the Dead Sea, and ocean fish placed in its waters soon die. Only certain types of microbes live in it. Yet Ezekiel 47:8-11 notes that the waters of the Dead Sea will be healed. “Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed. And it shall come to pass, that every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish

 

WORSHIP DURING THE MILLENNIUM

  • The earth will be full of the wisdom of God: “… the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
  • Jerusalem will be a center for worship: “And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship…on them there will be no rain…”  (Zech. 14:16-19)
    • Ezekiel 40-48 notes that God will re-institute temple worship and sacrifices in the Millennium. Many believe that the purpose for the sacrifices is to commemorate the sacrificial work of Christ.. It will serve as stark picture and solemn reminder of the penalty Christ paid in dying for our sins on the cross.
      • “But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.” (Heb. 10:3)
    • Gentiles will keep the Feast of Tabernacles which was formerly a feast just for Israel. To do so, they will travel to Jerusalem once each year in the autumn to “worship the King“, Jesus Christ. Jesus will reign on His throne in Jerusalem. Ezekiel 43:7 notes, “And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne…[is] where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel…
    • It may be that the Feast of Tabernacles takes on a slightly different meaning in the Kingdom since Israel will no longer celebrate their rescue from Egypt, but rather, from all the nations to which they have been scattered. Jeremiah 16:14-15 notes, “Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be said, The LORD liveth, that brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; But, The LORD liveth, that brought up the children of Israel from the land of the north, and from all the lands whither he had driven them: and I will bring them again into their land that I gave unto their fathers.

 

AFTER THE MILLENNIUM

  • Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” (Rev. 20:7-10)
  • “Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.” (Rev. 20:11-15)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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